Caius has a long and distinguished record of research in the arts and sciences, and today more than ever research is a vital part of our educational mission. Among our former Fellows and members number such luminaries as William Harvey, the discoverer of circulation of the blood, James Chadwick, the discoverer of the neutron, Francis Crick, the co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, Joseph Needham, the great historian of Chinese science, Charles Sherrington, the neurophysiologist who coined the term 'synapse', Howard Florey, the co-discoverer of penicillin, Michael Oakeshott, the influential conservative philosopher and Joseph Stiglitz, the Nobel Prize-winning economist.
Many current and former Caius Fellows have been awarded major national and international research prizes. Twelve current Fellows are also Fellows of the Royal Society and eight are Fellows of the British Academy, the most prestigious research societies in the sciences and arts respectively. Perhaps most strikingly, fifteen Caians have won Nobel Prizes.